Tag Archives: physical activity

For All the Parents with School Aged Children…

As a previous at-home Mom of 2 boys, who then matriculated into medical school and residency with children, and found it was easier than being at home full time, I am beyond impressed with all of the parents who work full or part time and are an at-home parent and teacher, simultaneously. At least super hero’s don’t have to do laundry, housekeeping, grocery shopping, cooking, or feeding other people. They usually get some extra superpowers to support their activities and they often have cool ways to get around and they can travel freely. So if you are working from home with school aged children, you can be awed by how absolutely amazing you are and remind yourself constantly, that you are even more incredible than a super hero.

Let me share with you some tips and tricks that may be helpful in these times.

  1. Structured routines help everyone. Routines will be different depending on the developmental age of the child(ren) at home. The younger the child, the more structured routines are better. For example,a regular wake up time, followed by a morning routine that may include looking at the calendar and seeing what everyone will be doing, what can be expected and when all the “break” or “recess” or “free” times will be. Some physical activities or play time like a 15 minute walk/run, jumping jacks, dancing and singing along to a favorite song, or youtube kids yoga session followed by 5 minutes of meditation can help set the mindset for a focused day. For an older child or adolescent, it may be easier to sit together and help understand the goals for the day and find ways to check in with lots of smiles and eye contact intermittently throughout the day with some regularity, whatever that is.
  2. Integrate physical activity spurts throughout the day to burn off energy and stress and also, to optimize brain function. Studies have shown that exercise or gym class scheduled before the most challenging classes or for students who struggle in school, result in less suspension, better academic achievement and improved overall function. Help your child of any age, integrate physical activity throughout their day. When a young child is losing interest or focus, create a safe physical activity option and have them log it (ie. put a sticker in a calendar for each activity or add a check mark). Using gaming theory, consider “leveling up” after a pre-determined number of successes. For some children and adolescents, setting a plan to walk together daily and decompress together by sharing the day’s events, is a wonderful way to establish healthy routines of staying connected despite trying times.
  3. Create the environment to allow the best chance for the outcome you want. It’s no mistake that there is a Lego corner, an art corner and an eating space, a library and a science room. The expectations are different in each space, and at various times, they get changed out to create novelty. If you can be creative about setting up your space to promote the behaviors you want and make it clear to your child(ren) what their options are in those spaces, then they can use location as a way to choose to shift their mindset and get “in the zone.” These skills are useful for all of us. One thought, establish that the space you are working in, when the computer is on, it’s like the library and that means it’s quiet in this space. Then every break you get, a quick hug, smile or appreciation or expression of love, will refill your child’s tank, and they will get really good at being mindful and your best work buddy.
  4. End of day celebration, recap, and reflections. When the school or workday is complete, mark the transition with a celebration. This may be as simple as jumping up with arms in the air and shouting, “I DID IT!” and even add in some fist pumps. At some point of each day, take time to reflect back on the day and openly talk about the experiences and feelings during the day. Help your child learn how to share their experiences and feelings, to learn from their experiences and also how to have self compassion when things didn’t turn out the way they had wanted or they had a rough day. Be open to hearing the strong negative feelings and help them learn safe and health promoting ways to cope. Rather than isolation, being destructive or lashing out to others, how about journaling, drawing, meditating, singing, making music, listening to music, dancing, throwing, hitting or kicking a ball, swimming, working in the yard or going for a run or bike ride.
  5. While establishing routines and creating structured environments are helpful, remember to include as much opportunity for fun. By maximizing choices and/or novelty wherever possible, children can have fun. By setting clear expectations and an environment for success, children get to experience both fun, a sense of belonging and the pride of accomplishment. Again, think of what makes games popular. They have do-overs, restarts as well as rewards and leveling up. While nobody is perfect, humans can learn quickly. It helps to practice reflecting and being compassionate with yourself. Let children be children. We all make mistakes and we can all learn from them. Let your child level up their skills and be rewarded with the most important thing – your smile, your genuine love, approval and acceptance of them exactly as the wonderful person that they are.

It may be messy, it is not easy and it is also part of this time in our lives. Do the best that you can. Appreciate and celebrate any and all the positives. Stay connected. We evolve together.

Healthy Together Series: Cycle 3B. Physical Activity – It only takes a little.

toa-heftiba-fmQh9ouUofY-unsplashToday’s physical activity note:

Increasing your overall activity level adds up.

  • Stand instead of sitting if you can.
  • Tap your foot if you are sitting.
  • Use a stability ball in place of a desk chair.
  • Take the stairs.
  • Plan to walk or bike places instead of driving.

The more you move, the better.

  • Walking and getting up and down from a chair or seated position is very good for you. Stand up when you take a phone call or if you are on a conference call.
  • Go up and down steps or stairs- it is working against gravity and aging. Walk upstairs to use the bathroom on a different floor.
  • Dancing or swinging your hips is good for everyone. Solo or with a partner or in a class, great music makes it way more fun.
  • When you raise your arms overhead, it’s hard to feel bad or to cry. Smile at yourself when you reach up.
  • Stretch your arms  up and out if you’ve been staring at a computer screen or smartphone. You can feel your body open up.

Find ways to just increase your overall daily energy expenditure. Moving is what keeps your body and mind young and able to adapt to changes around you.


Photo by Toa Heftiba on Unsplash

Healthier Together Series: Cycle 2B. Physical Activity — Look at the numbers…

andres-urena-qSw5XKtUyus-unsplashToday’s Physical Activity notes:

Numbers are real and give us a way to compare and evaluate things. They can help us keep track and improve our behaviors and processes in business and manufacturing and industry and science. Numbers are also helpful in our health. We look at heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, respiratory rate. We have people rate their pain level. We use numbers in assessing our risks for various diseases – ie. cholesterol, fasting insulin, blood sugar, hemoglobin A1c (representing an average of our blood sugars over 3 months), etc.

One way to assess your physical activity level and your fitness is to look at numbers also. In an earlier post, I discussed perceived exertion and monitoring heart rate. I recommend using numbers to keep track of what you are doing and where you want to go. Numbers are easy to monitor and helpful in setting goals and assessing your progress. Today, I recommend getting an idea of your general daily activity level & assessing your current fitness level.

1. General daily activity level. Wear a pedometer or accelerometer or use an equivalent app on your smartphone or get the popular FitBit or Apple watch to get 5-7 days of numbers. Find out how active you are at baseline. If you workout regularly, wear it also when you are working out. If you do not workout regularly, then you will see how active you are at this time when you are not regularly working out.

It helps to get many days of numbers and average them out. (You can get the average steps in a day by adding up all the numbers and dividing that big number by the number of days you collected numbers.) If you are walking on average closer to 3,000 steps total in a day, that’s more like a couch potato. If you are walking 10,000 or more steps a day, you can say you are active and your body will have the healthy benefits of increased circulation.

The goal is to figure out where you are starting & see if you can increase that number by 10% every 2 weeks. (10% would be taking off the last number in your daily average. For example: If you walk 3,000 steps, you would need to increase it by 300 steps in a day at 2 weeks, so that you are walking 3,300 steps total in a day).

2. Assess your fitness. First, figure out your baseline heart rate. Ideally, you will check this when you have been sitting or even better, first thing on waking up. Use a heart rate monitor if you have one. OR You can figure it out on your own by doing this: Find a clock that shows seconds. Find your pulse on your wrist: palm up, on the thumb side, under your wrist crease and to the outside of that middle tendons on the wrist, you can feel your pulse. Some people gently feel their pulse in their neck. Count the number of beats in 15 seconds and multiply by 4. If you check it every day for a week, you will have a good idea of your baseline heart rate range.

As your fitness improves, this baseline heart rate actually will get lower. This is because regular movement & activity (often called exercise), strengthens your muscles including your heart, so it can pump more with fewer beats. It becomes very efficient with each pump. That’s why highly trained athletes often have VERY low heart rates.

Now that you know your baseline heart rate, you will find out how much time it takes for your heart rate to return to the baseline range after exercise or strenuous physical activity (when your heart rate was higher than your baseline). From the time you have finished your activity or exercise, time how long it takes your heart rate to return to your baseline. As your fitness improves, the time for your heart rate to return to baseline will become shorter. In other words, your heart can adjust that much faster and more efficiently to the demands of your body. This is fitness.

It is nice to assess these numbers every 4-6 weeks & write it down! It is SO motivating!


Photo by Andres Urena on Unsplash

Healthier Together Series: Cycle 1 D. Putting It All Together — Midwest Winter

In this section, I am hoping to integrate people’s experiences and wisdom and/or offer examples of how we apply what we have learned. Please be sure to share your experiences and wisdom. This is how we can help each other and become healthier together.
*Disclaimer: Apps or links are listed as examples & do not necessarily represent the BEST ones or the only options. They are included to help you get started on your search for the right resources for you. So please share what you are using too.

Here is an example of putting it all together:

Scenario: Midwest. Winter. Cold. Darker earlier, longer. Work is busy. Traffic is terrible in bad weather- longer and more frustrating commutes. Not going outside much. Limited exposure to nature. See fewer people socially. Sleep is messed up. Craving and eating comfort foods that increase blood sugar and therefore insulin. Gaining weight. Getting more tired. Being less active. Feeling bad about not exercising, eating poorly and weight gain. Feeling progressively more down…sound familiar?

Thank goodness for Spring! However, what about all those months before Spring arrives?

Winter happens EVERY year. Plan for it. Let your healthy habits continue to help you. Many people schedule a break to warmer climates during winter or early spring (maybe too expensive for some of us), or they embrace it and find a physical activity that they can do in the midst of nature’s healing effects. Mental planning helps. Journal or keep a log of your observations. Here’s a plan:

1. Limit your new transitions that use up your activation energy and brain energy. You have lower reserves in the winter. Keep the things, people, activities that rejuvenate you and give you energy, maybe even increase the duration of exposure to them. Note: not adding more, just make it longer. It might mean eliminating some of the energy drains.

2. Maintain your healthy eating habits. In particular, keep the amount of white starchy carbs and sugars lower. This will keep your energy and mood up and also your weight stable! Stay hydrated- UNSWEETENED clear nonalcoholic beverages are best, like water or unsweetened tea.

3. Always continue your regular daily physical activity, especially in the winter. This is not the time to change it up or take a break. Start your day with a boost of activity- as little as 7 minutes will help you! It will save you from the winter blues and regulate your sleep and eating and your weight. When you are away from home or when there is a time crunch, try the 7 minute workout which you can find online. A sample iphone app: The 7 Minute Workout “Seven” with High Intensity Interval Training. There are MANY online videos that also show how to do the complete body workout.

4. Practice your self hypnosis to allow you to develop control of your mind so you can relax or sleep when you need to. When you are particularly stressed or if you have insomnia, it is nice to have your brain help you. Given the nights are longer, maybe you can use some of the extra darkness to practice relaxing the mind. 2 sample apps on the iphone: *Hypnopack. Has 5, 15, 20 & 27 minute programs and also can be used for other behavior change helpful for public speaking, anxiety release, studying & memory, etc. *Create Inner Peace & Calm with Glenn Harrold is another iphone app that many find helpful, has some free & some components you can choose but have to pay for.

5. Reach out and connect with nature and the people who energize you. This might mean taking a walk or snowshoeing in nature on a winter morning with a friend.

Bottom line: you can learn from previous experiences, what your patterns are and maximize the joy you get out of your life with a little planning. Taking care of yourself is a choice and it helps make the world a better place. And you deserve it!

Healthier Together Series: Cycle 1 B. Physical Activity — Workout bonus

lindsay-henwood-7_kRuX1hSXM-unsplashToday’s Physical Activity Notes:

First: I will often use the terms physical activity and workout interchangeably. When I use the terms “working out” & “workout,” I specifically refer to intentional physical activity that is planned for the purpose of being exercise. Working out is deliberately moving for health, fitness –> exercising. Physical activity is anything we do that moves our body and includes working out, exercising as well as other activities we do daily.

Good news: since we wake up in a mode burning our body’s stored fuels, whatever physical activity we do in the morning prior to eating or drinking calories, accelerates our fat burning by using up our muscles’ stores of glycogen (energy stored in muscles). This means that you get to drink or eat a bit more freely after being physically active in the morning. In fact, if you workout vigorously in the morning (if you used up all the glycogen in your muscles), you can add some unprocessed carbs to your meal within approximately 30-60 minutes & your body will put the extra blood sugar (the glucose from digesting the carbs) into your muscles and NOT into fat cells. HOW COOL IS THAT?

Remember, if you eat foods that spike your blood sugar (especially foods like processed carbohydrates including sugars), your insulin will spike and your body will store most of that extra blood sugar in your fat cells! So, your FAT stores will GROW BIGGER…and mostly around your middle. NOT your goal. So, that means if you want to eat/drink that higher carbohydrate food or drink & you don’t want to grow your fat, WORK OUT first! You get the biggest bang for your buck if you are physically active first thing in the morning before you eat or drink any calories (drinking water is better).

Remember, the “physical activity” can be:

1. Low intensity movement for a longer duration – like walking for 30-40+ minutes or an activity that is at a perceived exertion level of 5-7 or heart rate approximately 60% (+/-10%) of your personal maximum heart rate. *see previous blog about perceived exertion and heart rates for more info.

2. Spurts of higher intensity activity for a shorter duration (even 4 minutes counts!). This might mean boosting your perceived exertion closer to 8-10 or 80-90% of your maximum heart rate for very short spurts, no longer than 30-60 seconds, interspersed with 2-5 minutes of lower intensity such as level 5-6. Basically, you go hard for 30 seconds then easy for 2 minutes, & repeat a few times. I like 4 cycles. — Another option, look up the 7 minute workout online.

The key is to deplete or significantly lower your body’s storage of glycogen with exercise and voila! You now have created an empty space (your muscles and liver) where your body will put the extra sugars in your blood (from the carbs &/or sugars you have consumed) & it is NOT going into your fat cells for storage. It is getting burned up in your muscles immediately. If you have eaten protein & fat within a low carb “break-fast,” you will just continue to be burning fat.

Bottom line: If occasionally, you are craving extra berries or a sweetened cup of coffee or tea or other starchy carbohydrate with your breakfast, & you don’t want to worry about it increasing your weight, work out first thing in the morning! It’s a workout bonus!

Photo by Lindsay Henwood on Unsplash

Overcoming 17 Exercise Barriers

Have you had a hard time getting started with exercise or continuing to exercise? You are not alone. Though this is a common concern, there are many different reasons. The good news is, there is help out there. I have included some of the most common challenges I have come across. See if any of the below relate to you…
Common Barriers to Exercise:
1. Don’t know where to start or what to do.
–First off, remember you do NOT have to be a “jock” or workout like crazy for it to count as exercise. The MAJORITY of people do NOT want to do that or need to that. In fact, there are many ways to improve your health and well-being with physical activity. Yes, some people like hard core structured workouts at the gym or with videos or specialized equipment. Still, others prefer more gentle movements or they prefer natural activities such as walking or gardening or social dancing or jumping waves on the beach.
–Try wearing a pedometer and counting your daily steps. If you are active at work, you can see it on the pedometer & pat yourself on the back – get credit for working out while working! Otherwise, see how many steps you take in a “normal day” and increase a little either in distance or speed once a week . Maybe walk the dog a little farther or faster.
–Getting up & down from a stable chair or the side of a bed is great for the legs and your core. It is also helpful in decreasing the risk of falls as we get older.
–Dance to your favorite music or do some crunches during TV commercials. In other words, make your time work double for you.
–Find some books, DVD’s, online videos & blogs. Look up body weight exercises if you do not want any special equipment. There are various levels of exercise options.
–Also, there are always the trainers either at the gym or who make house calls that can help put a program together for you. Find a trainer that understands your goals — or you may find yourself being pushed harder than necessary for your health benefit goals.
–If you like to workout with others, you may want a workout partner, a class or a gym membership. You may even find someone at the gym or at school or work that already works out and really knows what they are doing. They are often happy to help you.
–Bottom line, pick something you want to try & just go for it. You will find what works for you eventually. The fun part is trying different things that sound interesting to you & moving forward closer to your fitness & health goals.
2. Injury early on.
–This is especially common in people who used to workout or be physically fit in the past and then had a period of time where they were deconditioned. It is NOT because you are getting older most of the time. It is because your muscles have memory and regain their strength quickly on return to exercise, however your joints do not suddenly get younger and smoother. Your muscles “beg” you to increase their workout rapidly. Your joints need a slower ramp up to catch up to what your muscles can do. That is why you should increase your exercise training no more than 10 percent total intensity in a week. Otherwise, you run the risk of joint injury, feeling “old” and having to interrupt your workout plans.
–The other group with injury early on are often doing a workout that is not right for them or that is being done incorrectly. This is a good time to seek out help. For example, schedule to meet with a physical therapist, work with a personal trainer, exercise physiologist, or a physician with additional training (physician specializing in Physical Medicine & Rehab, Sports Medicine or any physician with a strong history & interest in exercise training). Find out what you are doing wrong & fix it.
–Recommend early intervention.
3. Previous joint injury.
–Again, as in #2, seek out help. Make sure you know what exercises are right for you, and learn how to do them correctly and how to progress forward. If you need surgical intervention, find out now.
–Do move it. Blood circulation helps healing. Make sure you continue to move forward. Your joints will get stiff & crusty if you don’t keep moving forward.
–As you move your joints, you smooth out the roughened surfaces if there is some arthritis. Worst case, your need for a joint replacement or surgical intervention may still be necessary, but best case, you rehab your joint & defer or eliminate the need for a joint replacement or surgical intervention.
4. Boredom.
–Find friends, blogs, DVD’s, classes, clubs, groups that are doing different things and try them out.
–Schedule & plan for variety in your plan. For example, schedule a workout plan or trial period of 2 weeks and then assess & then plan the next 2 weeks.
–Get a workout buddy you like to spend time with. Being with someone, feeling good about yourselves together, is VERY motivating and powerful!
5. Burnt out.
–You may have advanced your workouts too quickly or started with too much. Take your time. You have your whole life to continue to improve.
–You should feel energized after your workout and look forward to your next workout. If you are dreading your workout or drained after your workout, that is a sign of burn out.
6. Not enough time.
–We all have enough hours in a day. IF a president can work out, we can probably find the time. MOST high powered executives and professionals also workout. People who workout tend to make more money than those who don’t.
–Often, because we have to schedule in the workout, we find we have more time in the day because we plan our time better.
–That being said, working out does take time. However, good news is that workouts don’t have to take a lot of time. There is a 7 minute workout that has been scientifically proven to be as effective as the traditional longer workouts, working strength for the whole body & cardio. There are short yoga sequences & exercise programs on DVD, online and on smartphone apps.
7. Haven’t found an activity that is pleasurable.
–See #4.
–Find a workout buddy or online community and workout together, share ideas. The human body is made to move. That is why we have muscles and joints. There is something out there that you will enjoy. It’s like dating…there is someone for everyone, and there are enjoyable exercise options for everyone.
8. Can’t afford it, ie. gym membership or equipment cost.
–Look at garage sales/yard sales, online auctions or Craig’sList for equipment.
–Get a job at a gym part-time.
–Find exercises that don’t require equipment. Again, the 7 minute workout does not require equipment. Modify the exercises to your level of fitness (I never step up & down from a chair, but use a step).
–Share the cost of equipment or DVD’s with a workout buddy or group of buddies.
–Borrow workout DVDs from the video store or from your local library.
9. Scared of injury.
–Get a trainer, workout with someone.
–Take your time learning the proper techniques.
–Advance your workout slowly.
10. Embarrassed to be seen.
–Remember, this often changes when you see other people just like you.
–You can also choose to start out at home or go to the gym during off hours.
–Really, in a gym, everyone is usually pretty positive about everyone at the gym because when we work out, the endorphins (feel good chemicals in our bodies) are surging through our systems.
11. Schedule is erratic. Can’t get into a regular regimen, traveling frequently, in a new relationship interfering with usual workout time.
–If possible, find something that is regular in your schedule, ie. you brush your teeth every night. Plan your exercise to be linked to that. For example, I brush my teeth in the morning when my alarm goes off & hop in the shower, so I will plan to schedule a workout at the same time. If my workout is 35 minutes, I will set the alarm 35 minutes prior to my usual waking time. To compensate, I will move my bedtime up by 35 minutes the night before or make sure I can fit in a nap or make up sleep time by going to bed earlier the next night.
12. Too tired.
–Make sure there is no medical reason you are too tired, such as anemia, thyroid disorder, etc.
–This may also be a sign of depression or excessive stress. Both may improve with exercise.
–This also more commonly is due to not enough hours of sleep, deconditioning (which means you should be working out), &/or too many carbohydrates in your diet.
13. No babysitter.
–Find a gym with a free babysitting service.
–See if another parent you trust would trade workout times with you: you watch their kid(s) while they workout and they watch your kid(s) while you work out.
–Work out before the kids wake up or after they go to sleep or during their naps if they have regular naps.
–Incorporate your children into your workout: ie. jogger stroller, babycarrier.
–Find a reliable teenager to watch your kid(s) while you workout at home or outside the home.
14. Active at work or running around after kids.
–If you are really that active, get credit for it. Wear a pedometer or accelerometer or even a heart rate monitor.
–If you are walking 10,000 steps daily or more, you should pat yourself on the back, you really are running around alot! Great job!
15. Gym is not convenient: doesn’t open early enough, closes too early or is too far away.
–Sounds like that is not the right place for you to be signed up. Find a way to make it a part of your routine to go out that way or shift your time to exercise. If not, find another gym or another way to exercise.
16. Need to shower after, doesn’t fit in my day.
–Again, this is about scheduling. Either not enough time or no shower avail. This is commonly noted when people plan to workout over their lunch break. If you will need to shower after & you are not comfortable with a sponging off over a sink or you don’t have enough time, then find your alternative. I like the early morning because it means I only need to shower once for the day. I workout & shower & get ready for work & off I go.
17. “Don’t feel like it.”
–Well, it’s usually because of one of the above reasons. If you are social, you need other people or you need to find a way that the workout time does not take away from time with other people. If you are more private, you may want to workout at home or when & where there are fewer people around or workout only with a single workout buddy. If you like being outdoors or being in nature, find outdoor activities. If you like music, find exercises that you can do with music or that require music. If you like lists or calendars, put your workout on the list/calendar so that you will do it & cross it off – it feels so good to cross off a ‘to do.”
Finally, I can tell you that the majority of people feel better when they are regularly moving their bodies. Your movement helps circulate body fluids, keeping you “younger” longer and often reversing signs of aging such as arthritis. Your mood is better & you can accomplish more. Give it at least 4 weeks to really see obvious benefits and body changes. There is nothing quite like being successful and doing something so profoundly good for you. Remember, this is for your lifetime. Enjoy the process.

12 Rules to Finding the Perfect Workout Program For You

gesina-kunkel-gRNcA7jFIeg-unsplashElements to look for in a week of an excellent workout program for you:

  1. It is fun or sounds like fun to you.
  2. Easy to learn the moves and the routine. It’s hard to get started when the routine or the moves are so complicated you have trouble following or remembering how to do them. Once you are in the routine of working out, you can add in or advance to more complicated routines and moves, but by then, you will be in the groove and it will be hard NOT to work out because you feel so good when you do. When starting out, keep it simple. Make it hard to make mistakes or to get discouraged.
  3. It can be done easily. For example, you have the equipment at home, your gym is convenient to get to, it is NOT a nuisance to set up or get ready to do, no too long. What you DO NOT want: I’m talking about the treadmill that folds up & fits under that bed in the cluttered room or the exercise bike that has become an extension of your closet, or the room that will need to be cleaned of clutter on the floor so you have space to do your workout DVD? Who wants to do laundry or clean up clutter & pull out & set up the heavy treadmill prior to each workout? Or is your gym is 30 minutes away, close to where you used to live or work or go to school? You want to add an hour commute to the time in the gym to squeeze in your work out? No. Make it easy to exercise.
  4. It should have enough routine to make it a habit, but enough variety to keep your body progressing forward over time.
  5. Rest days have to be built into it. One day per week should be completely off of strength training. If you can’t stand it, do some yoga or go for a nice walk on your day off. Also, I recommend a plan to allow at least 24-48 hours between strength workouts of the same body areas. This means, do NOT do the same strength training routine 2 days in a row. For example, ideally, schedule a minimum of 1-2 days between chest workouts. Work out each muscle group at least once per week, depending on your program and your goals.
  6. Your program should allow slow but steady progress forward and that progress should be apparent to you. Progress is motivating. Plan ahead for progress and stages of progression. For example, scheduling the week with increasing number of reps or increasing weight in a planned manner makes it very easy to see the progress and know how to progress. I suggest writing down what you are planning to do, and then what you ACTUALLY do. Do not do more than what you planned, but if you cannot increase as planned, don’t force it, That is where you are moving towards. Just adjust your plan accordingly.
  7. It should include strength training, often called anaerobic exercise. Strength training is important in keeping us independent longer. It includes exercises where your muscles push or pull against resistance. This can be done in many ways such as with weights, machines, bands, medicine ball, or even your own body weight and gravity. Some people also use a stationary surface to push against. If you are new to strength training, have someone teach you the proper ways to do the moves or find some reputable DVDs or online instructional videos to see how to do exercises properly. **Just a note about the importance of strength training for men & women of ALL ages…It can help keep us more physically independent for longer. I am in no rush to lose my independence & move into a nursing home so I will continue to make sure my muscles stay strong. This will help prevent falls and other injuries that are common with poor strength. If something happens to me, it will allow me the best chances for optimal recovery and also speed up my recovery. The patients that defy what the doctors predicted for their outcome after an illness or injury, AND end up doing remarkably much better than predicted, are usually the ones who were physically stronger prior to hospitalization. They have more reserve. Also, I want to be able to continue to walk on my own. I’m going to work on NOT needing assistive devices to walk. Can you tell, being independent and maintaining my mobility are a VERY high priority for me?
  8. It must include core training. This is often known as the “ab workout.” As we get older, spend more time sitting and/or we gain weight, our abdominal muscles and core muscles get weaker. This can cause lower back problems which can also lead to other joint problems. Core training treats and prevents back injury. It also improves posture and makes everyone look more attractive.
  9. It should work the heart. This is often called cardio or aerobic exercise. I am a fan of high intensity interval training (HIIT) using perceived exertion as my measure of intensity (I plan to discuss this further in a future post). This allows me to work out for a shorter duration while improving my power, strength & endurance. Given the short duration of intervals, the time flies by. And if you wear a heart rate monitor, recovery to baseline heart rate is a great measure of your cardiovascular fitness. If you are deconditioned (out of shape), it takes longer for your heart rate to go back to the usual after a workout. When you are fit, your heart rate returns to your usual much faster. Over time, as you continue to exercise, your heart rate will come down much faster after you finish your workouts. You recover faster after your workout. This means you have improved your fitness!
  10. It should include some stretching. I like yoga, passive and/or active stretching. This is the portion of the workout where you classically slow down and listen to your body. This is also important to allow our lymphatics and circulation to flow and to open up the joints. Certain stretches and yoga moves are particularly good for keeping the spine healthy and improve arthritic pains. A single sequence of sun salutations (yoga) takes 90 seconds and is a great way to start your day as you get out of bed.
  11. Limited or ideally, NO risk of injury. Learn proper form, advance SLOWLY & don’t do exercises that have high risk of injury to you.
  12. At the end of your exercise, you should feel energized and look forward to your next workout. I log my workouts and jot down a few notes. In a future post, I will go more into detail about the workout log. Meanwhile, enjoy the process. Make each day be a day you move forward and feel good about yourself.

Photo by Gesina Kunkel on Unsplash